Studi Ekologi Hutan Mangrove di Kota Waisai Kabupaten Raja Ampat, Papua Barat

Efradus H. Mirino, Suriani Br. Surbakti, Lisye I. Zebua

Abstract


This aim of the research is to know the condition of the ecology of mangrove forests in the Waisai Raja Ampat District, West Papua. This research was carried out during the year, from April 2012-April 2013. Research locations include three (3) stations which were Moko, Kimindores and the tourist port area. The method was line transect with quadratic plot along a 100-meter at the seaside. The plots were created in size of 1 x 1m2; 5 x 5 m2; 10 x 10 m2 and 20 x 20 m2. The observations showed that there were 8 types of mangrove in the town of Waisai consisting of Avicennia officinalis, Sonneratia alba, Rhizophora stylosa, R. mangle, R. mucronata, Aegricecas floridum, Bruguiera gymnnorhiza, and Nypa fruticans. The distribution of mangrove types in Waisai is spread unevenly. A. floridum was found only at Moko; R. mucronata was at  the area of the tourist Port only; and Nypa has a wider distribution since they were found at the three stations of observations. 

Key words: biota, diversity, mangrove, Raja Ampat. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bengen, G.B, 1999. Pengenalan dan pengelolaan ekosistem mangrove. Pusat Kajian Sumberdaya pesisir dan lautan–Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Bengen, G.B. 2000. Pedoman teknik pengenalan dan pengelolaan ekosistem mangrove. Pusat Kajian Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Lautan. Institut Pertanian Sogor, Bogor.

Dahuri, R., J. Rais, S.P. Ginting dan M.J. Sitepu. 1996. Pengelolaan sumber daya wilayah pesisir dan laut secara terpadu. Penerbit Pradaya Paramita, Jakarta.

Fachrul, M.F. 2007, Metode Sampling Bioekologi, PT. Bumi Aksara, Jakarta.

Giesen, W., S. Wulffraat, M. Zieren, and L. Scholten. 2007. Mangrove guidebook for Southeast Asia. FAO-Wetland International. RAP Publication. Bangkok, Thailand.

Harahap, H. 2010. Penilaian ekonomi ekosistem hutan mangrove dan aplikasinya dalam perencanaan wilayah pesisir. Graha Ilmu. Yogyakarta.

Kusmana, C. 2002. Pengelolaan ekosistem mangrove secara berkelanjutan dan berbasis masyarakat. Makalah disampaikan pada Lokakarya Nasional pengelolaan ekosistem mangrove di Jakarta. Tanggal 6–8 Agustus 2002.

Kusmana, C. 2012. Management of mangrove ecosystem in Indonesia. Presented in Workshop on Mangrove Re-plantation and Coastal Ecosystem Rehabilitation, Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. 7 February 2012.

Mambrisaw, A., B. Wurkianty, F. Liuw, S. Hamel, A.A. Mulyadi, A. Sukmara, H. Sumantri, dan Y. Omkarsba. 2006. Atlas sumber daya pesisir Raja Ampat. Conservation International (CI) Indonesia.

Manik, K.E.S. 2009. Pengelolaan lingkungan hidup. Penerbit Djambatan. Jakarta.

Mueller-Dombois and H. Ehllenberg. 1974. Aim and methods of vegetation ecology. Jhon Wiley and Sons. New York.

Noor, Y.R., M. Khazali dan I.N.N. Suryadiputra. 1999. Panduan pengenalan mangrove di Indonesia. PHKA/WI-IP, Bogor.

Nybakken, J. 1988. Biologi laut suatu pendekatan ekologis. PT. Gramedia. Jakarta.

Odum, E.P. 1971. Fundamentals Of Ecology. Third Edition. W.B. Sounders Co. Philadelpia.

Onrizal dan C. Kusmana. 2008. Studi Ekologi Hutan Mangrove di Pantai Timur Sumatera Utara. Biodiversitas. 9(1): 25–29.

Paulangan, Y.P. 2008. Analisis kondisi mangrove di taman wisata Teluk Youtefa, Kota Jayapura, Provinsi Papua. SAINS. 8(1): 8–15.

Picaulima, S.M., N.V. Huliselan, D. Sahetapy, dan J. Abrahamsz. 2011. Pengelolaan ekosistem mangrove berbasis ekonomi sumberdaya dan lingkungan di negeri Rutong, Kota Ambon. Ichthyos. 10(1): 49–56.

Pramudji, 2010, Ekosistem Hutan Mangrove, Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi, Jakarta.

Rugayah, A. Elizabeth dan W. Pratiwi. 2004. Pedoman pengumpulan data keanekaragaman flora. Pusat Penelitian Biologi LIPI. Bogor.

Soerianegara, I dan A. Indrawan. 1988. Ekologi hutan Indonesia. Laboratorium Managemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan IPB. Bogor.

Sukresno dan C. Anwar. 1999. Kajian intrusi air asin pada kawasan pantai ber-lumpur di pantai utara Jawa Tengah. Buletin Teknologi Pengelolaan DAS. 5(1): 64–67.

Supriharyono. 2007. Konservasi ekosistem sumberdaya hayati di wilayah pesisir dan laut tropis. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogyakarta.

Tuwo, A. 2011. Pengelolaan ekowisata pesisir dan laut: Pendekatan ekologi, social-ekonomi, kelembagaan dan sarana wilayah. Brilian International. Surabaya.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31957/jbp.448

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats
CC JURUSAN BIOLOGI FAKULTAS MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM
UNIVERSITAS CENDERAWASIH
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.