PEMANFAATAN DAN CARA MERACIK HERBAL TUMBUHAN OBAT ANTIDIABETES DAUN AFRIKA (Vernona amygdalina DELILE) DI KABUPATEN KEEROM PAPUA

Linus Yhani Chrystomo, I Made Budi, Aditya Krishar Karim

Abstract


Community service with the title: Utilization and how to formulate medicinal plant of African leaf (Vernonia amygdalina Delile) in Keerom Papua, aims to provide the skills of Arsopura Village community in Skamto District of Keerom Regency.  The aims to this activities is the use and how to formulate antidiabetic medicinal plants.  Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused due to metabolic disorders of the body, where the sugar content in the body can not be catalyzed by the enzyme insulin which was produced the pancreas gland. Herbal antidiabetes formulated from African leaf plants is a traditional knowledge based on local wisdom Kerom community hereditary used to cure diabetes melitus diseases. This activities is an effort to raise the local wisdom  about traditional medicine that has been empirically or hereditary has been used as a traditional medicine antidiabetes. Utilization of herbs of traditional medicinal plants need to be socialized by providing skills how to use it and how to formulate to local communities in the Arsopura Village, Keerom regency according to the guidelines regulation of the Supervision of Food and Drug Indonesian Government  about the Making of Good Traditional Drugs (CPOTB). According to Institution of Supervision of Food and Drug Indonesian Government  that traditional medicine has been used for from generation to generation can be used by the community without having to get permission from The Institution of Supervision of Food and Drug Indonesian Government. Traditional medicine must also have the criteria of safety, quality and efficacy. The purpose of this activities is to provide knowledge on how to utilize and skill how to use herbs of traditional African antidiabetes leaf medicine in Keerom Regency. The method of education used is the lecture or extension method of herbal medicine utilization of traditional antidiabetic medicinal plants, how to use and how to cultivate it. The result data of this activities can be concluded that local people in Arsopura Village, Keerom Regency are very enthusiastic to study the utilization of traditional antidiabetes leaf medicinal plants of Africa and how to mix herbs of traditional antidiabetic medicinal plants and how to cultivate them as Medicinal Plants for family (TOGA). The answer of the question post increasingly and extends to various diseases and herbs that can be used to other disease. Suggestions need assistance in mixing herbs traditional antidiabetes medicinal plants and how to cultivate these plants.

Keywords: Herbs, antidiabetes, Vernonia amygdalina,  diabetes mellitus, Keerom


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ardhita, E. 2013. Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Berguna di Hutan Lindung Gunung Slamet RPH. Baturaden, BKPH Gunung Slamet, KPH Banyumas Timur, Jurusan Kon-servasi Sumberdaya Hutan dan Ekowisata IPB, Bogor.

BPOM, 2005. Peraturan Kepala Badan Pengawas Obat Dan Makanan Republik Indonesia Nomor : HK.00.05.4.1380 Tentang Pedoman Cara Pembuatan Obat tradisional Yang Baik.

Kepmenkes. 1994. Keputusan Menteri Kesehat-an Republik Indonesia Nomor : 661/MENKES/SK/VII/1994 Tentang Persyaratan Obat Tradisional.

Pandey, K., P.K. Sharma & R. Dudhe. 2012. Anti-cancer Activity of Parthenium hystero-phorus Linn. and Oldenlandia corymbosa Lam. by SRB Method. Open Acces Scientific Reports.1(6).

Santoso, I. A. 2015. Pemberian Ekstrak Etanol Daun Afrika (Vernonia amygdalina) Oral Meningkatkan Kadar Insulin Puasa Dan Menurunkan Kadar Glukosa Darah Post Prandial Pada Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) Jantan Diabetes Melitus, Tesis Program Magister Program Studi Ilmu Biomedik Program Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana Denpasar.

Sari, L. O. R. K. 2006. Pemanfaatan Obat Tradi-sional Dengan Pertimbangan Manfaat dan Keamananya, Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian Vol. 3(1).

Sarofah, U., Sudrajat & N. Hariani. 2016. Penga-ruh Ekstrak Daun Vernonia amygdalina Delile dan Beras Ketan Hitam (Oryza sativa glutinosa) Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah Mencit (Mus musculus) Yang diinduksi Aloksan. Prosiding Seminar Sains dan Teknologi FMIPA Unmul Periode Maret, 2016 Samarinda, Indonesia.

Wahyuono, S. 2006. Evaluasi Bioaktivitas Tanaman Obat Koleksi Kalimantan Tengah. Journal of Traditional Medicines (Majalah Obat Tradisional). 11(38):24-30.

WHO. 1999. Definition, Diagnosis and Classificatio of Diabetes Melitus and Its Complications, Report of WHO Consultation, WHO Department of Noncommunicable Diseases Surveillance Geneva.

Yeap, S.K., W.Y. Ho, B.K. Beh, W.S. Liang, H. Ky & A. Hadi. 2010. Vernonia amygdalina Delila, an ethnoveterinary and ethnomedical used green vegetable with multiple bioactivitie. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. Vol. 4(25.

Zuhud, E.A.M. & Siswoyo. 2013. Strategis Konservasi dan Pengembangan Tumbuhan Obat HutanTropika Indonesia, Jurusan Konser-vasi Sumberdaya Hutan dan Ekowisata IPB, Bogor.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31957/.v2i3.658

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.