Pengaruh Presiden Joko Widodo pada Penguatan Peran Diplomasi Ekonomi di Indonesia

Jhon Maxwell Yosua Pattinussa

Abstract


The interactions between countries today are almost based on the interests of capital accumulation, particularly with the increase in new regionalism worldwide as if forcing the world’s nations to join or be left behind. Indonesia also encounters such circumstances and should respond to new challenges in global politics by taking a free and active stance using economic diplomacy as one of its main instruments. This article, using individual-level analysis, attempts to explain how President Joko Widodo strongly influences the increasing role of economic diplomacy. It also provides an overview of the relationship between political personality and the perception of President Widodo with economic diplomacy by adopting the rational actor model-foreign policy decision-making process. This article identified four critical things in strengthening the role of economic diplomacy for Indonesia: 1) changing interests in the reality of modern state interactions; 2) the possibility of taking policy alternatives; 3) individual analysis (leader) in seeing the risks and opportunities; 4) decision-making by the President. 

 KEYWORDS

Diplomacy; Indonesia; International Politics; Joko Widodo


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alvian, R.A., Putri, G.C., & Ardhani, I. (2018). Haluan Baru Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia: Perbandingan Diplomasi 'Middle Power' Susilo Bambang Yudhyono dan Joko Widodo. Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 6(2), 77-91. https://doi.org/10.18196/hi.62112

Buszynski, L. (1992). Southeast Asia in the Post-Cold War Era: Regionalism and Security. Asian Survey, 32(9), 830-847. https://doi.org/10.2307/2645074

DPR-RI. (2001). Analisis Kebijakan Luar Negeri Pemerintahan Abdurrahman Wahid (1999-2000). DPR-RI.

Fitriani & Panduwinata, V. C. (2018). Analisis Kinerja Kementerian Luar Negeri Indonesia (2015-2018). CSIS Working Paper Series.

Hakim, R.N. (21 Oktober 2019). Wakili Jokowi, Ma'ruf Amin Terbang ke Jepang Hadiri Penobatan Kaisar. Kompas.com. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/10/21/06013241/wakili-jokowi-maruf-amin-terbang-ke-jepang-hadiri-penobatan-kaisar

Humas LIPI. (16 Maret 2020). LIPI, Global Maritime Fulcrum Dalam Konteks Indonesia Sebagai Negara Maritim. http://ipsk.lipi.go.id/index.php/berita/699-lipi-global-maritime-fulcrum-dalam-konteks-indonesia-sebagai-negara-maritim

Jemadu, A. (2008). Politik Global dalam Teori dan Praktik. Graha Ilmu.

Jenkins, D. (2010). One Reasonably Capable Man: Soeharto‘s Early Fundraising. In E. Aspinall, Soeharto's New Order and Its Legacy (pp. 17-25). ANU Press.

Kegley, C. (1993). The Neoidealist Moment in International Studies? Realist Myths and the New International Realities. International Studies Quarterly, 37(2), 131-146. https://doi.org/10.2307/2600765

KemenkoPolhukam. (20 Oktober 2016). Perangi Pungutan Liar, Presiden Jokowi: Pungli Lemahkan Daya Saing Nasional. https://polkam.go.id/perangi-pungutan-liar-presiden-jokowi-pungli-lemahkan-daya-saing-nasional/

Lamont, C. (2015). Research Methods in International Relations. Sage.

Lesmana, T. (2008). Dari Soekarno Sampai SBY. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Lundry, C. (2018). Assessing Indonesia’s Foreign Policy under Joko Widodo. Asia Policy, 13(4), 30-35.

Mahardi, D. (2018). Indonesia Butuh Jokowi. Bhuana Ilmu Populer.

Mansbach, H. F. (1988). The Elusive Quest: Theory and International Politics. University of South Carolina Press.

Margiansyah, D. (2020). Revisiting Indonesia's Economic Diplomacy In The Age of Distruption: Towards Digital Economy and Inovation Diplomacy. Journal of ASEAN Studies, 8(1), 15-39. https://doi.org/10.21512/jas.v8i1.6433

Maxwell, J. C. (2016). The Leadership Handbook. Mic Publishing.

Mintz, A. (2004). How Do Leaders Make Decisions?: A Poliheuristic Perspective. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 48(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022002703261056

Rourke, J. T. (2008). International Politics on The World Stage. McGraw-Hill.

Sabaruddin, S.S. (2019). Grand Design Diplomasi Ekonomi Indonesia: Sebuah Pendekatan Indeks Diplomasi Ekonomi. Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, 12(1), 69-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.26593/jihi.v12i1.2545.69-90

Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. (20 Oktober 2015). Ditanya Wartawan Cilik, Presiden Jokowi: Tidak Boleh Tunjukkan Sedih, Harus Optimistis. https://setkab.go.id/ditanya-wartawan-cilik-presiden-jokowi-tidak-boleh-tunjukkan-sedih-harus-optimistis/

Saputri, M. (17 Agustus 2017). RAPBN 2018, Jokowi Targetkan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi 5,4 Persen. Tirto.id. https://tirto.id/rapbn-2018-jokowi-targetkan-pertumbuhan-ekonomi-54-persen-cuLH

Thu, H. L. (2018). Australia and ASEAN: Together for the sake of a New Multipolar World Order. Security Challenges, 14(1), 26-32.

Waltz, K. N. (1959). Man the State and War. Colombia University Press.

Zaenuddin, M. (2012). Jokowi, dari jualan kursi hingga dua kali mendapatkan kursi: kisah walikota yang inspiratif. Gramedia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31957/pjdir.v1i2.1734

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.