ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua <p>ACROPORA: JURNAL ILMU KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN PAPUA diterbitkan oleh Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Fakultas MIPA Universitas Cenderawasih dengan jadwal penerbitan<strong> 2 (dua) kali setahun</strong> yakni pada bulan <strong>Mei </strong>dan <strong>November</strong>. Tujuan dari penerbitan jurnal ini adalah untuk menyebarluaskan informasi ilmiah terkait kelautan dan perikanan khususnya daerah Papua serta Indonesia pada umumumnya.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously <br />licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a> <br />that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial <br />publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive <br />distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository <br />or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or <br />on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, <br />as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> <pre class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Terjemahan" data-ved="2ahUKEwiI9MX45_KBAxUGyDgGHf4UDH8Q3ewLegQIBhAQ"> </pre> (Dr. Ervina Indrayani, M.Si.) (Kalvin Paiki, S.Si., M.Si.) Mon, 27 May 2024 23:05:31 +0000 OJS 60 Analisis Keberlanjutan Perikanan Tuna Skala Kecil di Seram Selatan Kabupaten Maluku Tengah <p><em>Small-scale tuna fisheries have a considerable share in fishing production, especially in Maluku. The sustainability of small-scale tuna fisheries is expected to improve the condition of the resources and the fishing community itself. Tuna fishing activity in South Seram, Central Maluku Regency is one of the small-scale tuna fisheries activities. The declaration of a measured fishing program as an implementation of Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Ciptakerja makes it necessary to conduct a study on the sustainability of tuna fisheries in the South Seram region to know the relationship between aspects and sub-aspects involved in small-scale tuna fisheries. The aspects and sub-aspects used refer to the theory of sustainable development: economic aspects, social aspects, ecological aspects, and governance aspects. This research uses path analysis analytical techniques used to analyze the causal relationship between variables that use the magnitude of the value. Data was obtained through interviews based on questionnaires. A sample of 135 people was taken purposively using the purposive sampling method. Based on the results of the study, it is known that the economic aspect has the greatest influence among the other three aspects with an influence value of 60.8%, social aspects of 29.2%, ecological aspects of 43%, and governance aspects of 35.1%. The most influential variable in the economic aspect is the income variable with an influence value of 23%. The most influential variable in the social aspect is the level of education with an influence value of 29.1%. The most influential variable in the ecological aspect is the impact on fish with an influence value of 41%. The most influential variable in the governance aspect is the understanding of measured fishing with an influence value of 17.9%.</em></p> Muhammad Zia Ulhaq Payapo, Bustar Maitar, Mida Saragih, Gadri R. Attamimi Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Mon, 27 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Uji Toksisitas dan Organoleptik dari Limbah Cair Kelapa Sawit pada Benih Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) <p><em>Toxicity is the ability of a substance or chemical which, when exposed for a certain period, can cause damage to organisms. Factors that influence toxicity are composition, type, duration and frequency of exposure, recipient biota species and environmental characteristics. The results of this test describe the values LC<sub>50</sub>-96 hours or LC<sub>50</sub>-48 hours. The LC<sub>50 </sub>value is the concentration at which the extract solution can cause population death of up to 50%. This study aims to determine the concentration of acute toxicity of liquid palm oil waste on tilapia fish seeds and its effect on the organoleptic properties of tilapia. This research was carried out from May to July 2023 at the Aquatic Resources Management Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Tanjungpura University. The method used is a static method in acute toxicity tests to determine the death of 50% of the number of test organisms. This research was carried out in 4 stages, namely preparation, preliminary test, toxicity test and treatment test. The toxicity test data was then analyzed using probit analysis. The LC<sub>50</sub>-96 hours value of palm oil liquid waste for the tilapia fish seed biota test is 4.88 mg/l. The LC<sub>50</sub>-96 hours value obtained from probit analysis is used to determine the TUa (Toxicity Unit Area) value by converting the LC<sub>50</sub>-96 hours value. The TUa value obtained was 20,49 indicating that the acute toxicity level of liquid palm oil waste causes acute toxicity.</em></p> nurhalena lena, Bambang Kurniadi, Mardan Adijaya Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Mon, 27 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh Penambahan Vitamin C Dosis Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Kelangsungan Hidup Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) Betina <p>Artifficial fee nutrition can be enhanched by adding vitamin C, aiming to suport the growth and survival of female Nile tilapia (<em>Oreochromos niloticus</em>). The addition of vitamin C to feed for the growht an d survival of fish has been extensively studied. However, there is still limited research specifically focusing on female Nile tilapia. The study aims to investigate the effect of vitamin C supplementation in feedd and to determine the optimal dosage for the growth and survival of fimale Nile tilapia juveniles. The research adopts an experimental approach using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), consisting of 4 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments include A (Vitamin C 200 mg/kg feed), B (Vitamin C 300 mg/kg feed), C (Vitamin C 400 mg/kg feed) and D (Without vitamin C supplementation). Based on the results, the treatment with 300 mg/kg feed provide the best outcome, followed by treatment A and treatment C. The ANOVA analysis results indicate that there is no significant effect on growth (F<sub>count</sub> &lt; F<sub>table</sub>) with a significance value &gt;0.05, while there is a significant effect on survival (F<sub>count</sub> &gt; F<sub>table</sub>) with a significance value &lt; 0.05. Therefore, it is concluded that adding vitamin C to feed does not significantly affect the growth of female Nile tilapia juveniles but results in better growth compared to not providing vitamin C. In addition, of vitamin C significantly affects survival.</p> <p>Keywords: Female Nile Tilapia, Growth and Survival, Vitamin C</p> Audi Yoel Sumaraw, Mulis, Indra G Ahmad Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analisis Hasil Tangkapan Bubu Dasar Berdasarkan Lokasi Penangkapan Ikan di Perairan Seram Bagian Barat, Maluku <p>Several factors influence the number and type of fish caught in a trap, <br />including the size of the trap, fish activity, mobility, design, bait, soaking time,<br />provision of shelter, moon phase, visibility of the trap in the water material, and<br />type of funnel. It is important to identify problems related to trap placement so that<br />the productivity of fish resources can be optimal. This research aims to analyze the<br />composition of fish species caught, length at first capture, and differences in catch<br />rate of bottom traps based on different fishing locations. The research was carried<br />out from April to October 2023 in Talaga Nipa Hamlet, Waisala District, and West<br />Seram Regency using experimental fishing methods. The results of the research <br />showed that there were 20 species of fish caught in the waters of Sanahuni Hamlet <br />(Location A), with the most dominant type of fish being Pterocaesio tile, namely<br />31.40%. Meanwhile, in the waters of Haya Pulo Hamlet (Location B), 16 species of<br />fish were caught, with the most dominant species being Scarus rubroviolaceus at<br />22.86%. On average, caught fish such as Caesio cunning, Scarus rubroviolaceus and<br />Caesio caerulaurea are caught before they reach maturity. The bottom trap catch<br />rate in the waters of Sanahuni Hamlet (Location A) is higher than in the waters of<br />Haya Pulo Hamlet (Location B). Differences in the number and types of fish caught<br />in traps can be influenced by various factors, such as fish migration, food<br />abundance, oceanographic conditions, trap design and construction, depth of<br />operation of fishing gear, and damage to coral reefs due to destructive bomb fishing.</p> Haruna Haruna, Kedswin G. Hehanussa, Lolita Tuhumena Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analisis Model Propagasi Bellhop di Choke Point Selat Lombok. <p>The Lombok Strait is one of the strategic choke points frequented by heavy <br />maritime traffic, demanding effective maritime security assurance. To ensure this<br />security, careful maritime control and surveillance are necessary, especially<br />through the use of monitoring tools such as SONAR to detect foreign objects passing<br />through the Lombok Strait. This research aimed to analyze the characteristics of<br />underwater acoustic wave propagation patterns, particularly in the formation of<br />shadow zones, using the Bellhop method. Simulations of the Bellhop propagation<br />model were conducted using the AcTUP v2.2L Toolbox. Temperature and salinity<br />depth distribution data from January 01<br />st<br />, 2023, to December 31<br />st<br />, 2023 obtained <br />from Marine Copernicus were used in this research,. The calculation of sound<br />propagation velocity based on the Medwin empirical equation, with a focus on<br />source depths of 10, 100, 300, and 500 meters. The simulation results indicated that<br />the Bellhop propagation model with a frequency of 100 Hz at a source depth of 300<br />meters produced more shadow zones compared to other source depths. These<br />findings have significant implications for understanding the patterns of acoustic<br />wave propagation in the Lombok Strait, providing valuable insights for maritime<br />control and surveillance efforts in the region.</p> agus tinus, Widodo Setiyo Pranowo, Purry Djati Anggara, Taufiq Supriyant Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analisis Proses Pembentukan Biogas dari Campuran Limbah Ikan, Kotoran Sapi dan Eceng Gondok (<i>Eichhornia Crassipes</i>) <p><em>One of the biomass that can be used for making biogas is fish waste. Based on the research, fish waste has a small c / n ratio so it requires mixing with other organic materials that have a higher c / n ratio. The addition of water hyacinth and cow dung will increase the c / n ratio in the anaerobic process to make biogas. The aim of this research is to analyze the process anaerobically of biogas formation from a mixture of fish waste, cow dung, and water hyacinth. Biogas is made with a variation composition of cow dung (D1), a mixture of cow dung, water hyacinth, and fish waste (D2), and a mixture of cow dung and fish waste (D3).) The Variation ratio of each composition is 1: 0: 0; 5: 1: 1 and 2: 0: 1. The results are the value of volatile solid and total solid for each composition of D1, D2, D3 was 33,600 mg / L, 34,800 mg / L, 33,000 mg / L. Value of Total Solid D1, D2, D3 are 121,800 mg / L, 146,200 mg / L, 174,600 mg / L. Fermentation process lasts for 1 month at a temperature 25<sup>o</sup>C-33<sup>o</sup>C and pH 6-7. The rates of degradation of organic compounds for D1, D2, D3 are 0.0058/day; 0.0439/day and 0.0052/day.</em></p> Rosita Dwityaningsih, Theresia Evila Purwanti Sri Rahayu, Murni Handayani, Mardiyana Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Dampak Kenaikan Tarif Bahan Bakar Minyak Terhadap Aspek Pendapatan Nelayan Pancing Tonda Di Pesisir Kota Ambon, Provinsi Maluku <p>The rising cost of petalite fuel oil is causing concern for small-scale fishermen, particularly trolley fishermen, in the coastal regions of Ambon City. The public has expressed frustration with the increase, as it has the potential to raise the cost of living and necessities. This study aims to provide a more in-depth understanding of the issue and offer recommendations for Ambon City's fishermen in response to the government's frequent fuel price hikes. The research was conducted between November 2022 and January 2023 using observation and interview methods, along with questionnaires. Ambon City fishermen primarily use diluted Pertalite fuel, which costs IDR 15,000 in Laha, Hative Besar, and Latuhalat villages, and Rp 13,000 in Seri Village. Fishermen from different villages use differing amounts of fuel, with Laha Village fishermen using 20 liters per trip, Hative Besar Village using 5 liters, Latuhalat Village using 60 liters, and Seri Village using 40 liters. Comparing the income before and after the fuel increase, the results indicate that fishermen's income decreased after the fuel increase, with a decrease percentage of 47.12%</p> Ruslan H. S. Tawari, Julian Tuhumury, Kedswin G. Hehanussa, Rahmiyanti Umacina Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Penambahan Vitamin C Dalam pakan dengan Dosis Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Kelangsungan Hidup Lobster Air Tawar (<i>Cherax quadricarinatus</i>) <p><em>Freshwater Crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) is one of the flagship commodities in fisheries. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient to support the growth of C.quadricarinatus. this research aimed to determine the effects of the addition of vitamin C into artificial feed with different dosages. The tested animals were 120 Freshwater Crayfish juveniles with an average initial length of ± 4 cm and a weight of 3 grams. The water volume used was 10 liters/container. This rescarch was conducted for 43 days. The research method used was an experimental method with a completely randomized design (CRD), consisting of 4 treatments and 3 replications. Treatments A : Without vitamin C, treatments B: 250 mg/kg feed, treatments C: 300 mg/kg feed, treatments D: 350 mg/kg feed. The results showed no significant difference in length, weight, and survival rate, but there was a significant difference in the molting frequency with the best results in treatment D. The administration of vitamin C at a dosage of 350 mg/kg feed resulted in good growth in freshwater Crayfish juveniles with an average length of 1,27 cm an average weight of 1,29 grams, and a survival rate of 96.67%.</em></p> Dwi Andita Badjuka, Yuniarti Koniyo, Arafik Lamadi Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Analisis Kandungan Logam Berat pada Minyak Ikan Sardine (Sardinella sp.) Hasil Penepungan dari Bali <p>Sardines, or lemuru, are a group of pelagic fish that are often found in the <br />waters of the Bali Strait because they have potential economic and strategic value<br />such as a source of income for fishermen, a provider of raw materials for the<br />processing industry, and a source of local income. Sardine, or lemuru fish, is a<br />pelagic fish that has a high oil content and can be used in the processing industry.<br />In processing industries such as the flour industry, waste will be produced, one of<br />which is liquid waste such as fish oil. Fish oil, which is a by-product, can be utilized<br />further, but the impurity components, one of which is the heavy metal content in the<br />oil, must be removed first. The way to remove or reduce the concentration of heavy<br />metals in fish oil is through a series of purification techniques. The aim of this study<br />was to determine the heavy metal content in sardine or lemuru fish oil from Bali,<br />which has been purified first, and then compare the results of these heavy metal<br />tests with the results of other studies. The purification carried out was divided into<br />3 stages, namely degumming using water (without citric acid), neutralization using<br />NaOH, and bleaching using magnesol XL 5% (w/v). Crude fish oil (unrefined) and<br />pure fish oil are then tested for heavy metals. The results show that purifying fish<br />oil can reduce heavy metal content. These results are also in line with research<br />conducted by several previous researchers. So it can be concluded that the refining<br />stage can reduce the heavy metal content so that it meets the International Fish Oil<br />Standard (IFOS).</p> Kristina Haryati Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Kualitas Air dan Indeks Pencemaran pada Sungai Arbes Desa Batu Merah Kota Ambon <p><em>Uncontrolled use of the Arbes river due to human activities causes pollution, thereby causing a decline in river water quality. </em><em>This research aims to determine the quality of river water in terms of physical, chemical and biological factors in the Arbes River.This research was conducted from January to February 2019by taking Arbes River water samples using the quadratic linear transect method.The research sampling transect line measurements were carried out horizontally, namely from upstream to downstream of the river.Arbes River water quality analysis testing was carried out at the MIPA IAIN Ambon laboratory.The results of the analysis of the water quality of the Arbes River physically, chemically and biologically have decreased with the water quality criteria based on PP 82 of 2001 being classified as class II quality water which is not intended as a raw source of drinking water but is more suitable for washing and agriculture.Based on determining the Pollution Index (IP) value, the results of the pollution index for use (Pij) in Arbes river water are included in the lightly polluted category.The highest pollution index value for use (Pij) is found in the lower reaches of the river, namely 1.869. Meanwhile, the Pij value in the middle of the river is 1.784. And the lowest Pij value is found in the upper reaches of the river at 1.677.</em></p> Liyatin Gea, Muhamad Hariono, Lolita Tuhumena, Imam Misbach, Kristina Haryati Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Teknik Penangkapan Menggunakan Jaring Hela Udang Berkantong Pada KM.SPL IX Milik PT. Sinar Pesona Laut <p><em>This research aims to find out about fishing techniques with pocket shrimp nets at FB. SPL IX. Methods of data collection carried out in the form of observation, interviews and documentation. The data analysis method used is descriptive qualitative and quantitative. The fishing technique with pocket shrimp nets at FB. SPL IX consists of several stages, activities at the fishing base, heading to the fishing ground, activities at the fishing ground, lowering fishing gear (setting), towing fishing gear, hauling, and handling the catch. Techniques for handling fish caught on board Shrimp Hela Nets at FB. SPL IX consists of 8 stages, namely sorting the shrimp and fish, sorting the size of the shrimp, weighing the shrimp, putting it into the inner, putting it on the carton, insulating the carton, putting it in the freezer (ABF/snep) and putting it in the storage hatch. The total production of the catch is 18,218 tons</em></p> Leopold A. Tomasila, Yvonne I. Pattinaja, Muhamad Farid, lolita loli Tuhumena Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh Pemberian Vitamin E Dengan Dosis Yang Berbeda Pada Pakan Terhadap Pemijahan Lobster Air Tawar (<i>Cherax quadricarinatus</i>) <p><em>Freshwater lobster (Cherax quadricarinatus) is a type of lobster that has the potential for developed as a cultured organism. The problem that often occurs is the low number of freshwater lobster production due to the relatively long reproductive time. Vitamin E is a nutrient that plays a role in improving the spawning process in animals. This research aims to determine the effect of vitamin E to artificial feed at different doses on spawning. The test animals used were 16 female freshwater lobsters measuring 4 inches, aged 6 months, with an average weight of 30-55 grams. The research was conducted over 60 days using an experimental method with a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments with 4 replications each. Treatment A was without vitamin E, Treatment B had 250 mg/kg of feed, Treatment C had 450 mg/kg of feed, and Treatment D had 650 mg/kg of feed The results showed that the levels of gonad maturity, fecundity, degree of fertilization, egg hatchability, and survival rate were not significantly different among treatments. However, Treatment C yielded the best results, with a gonad maturity level of 10.60%, fecundity of 281.53 eggs, a fertilization rate of 8.59%, a hatchability rate of 62.50%, and a survival rate of 100%. Data analysis was conducted using analysis of variance (ANOVA) at a 95% confidence level. The results indicate that the addition of vitamin E to feed at different doses does not significantly affect the spawning of freshwater lobsters.</em></p> Vina adelia Nusi, Juliana, Sutianto Pratama Suherman Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Fri, 07 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Sebaran Parameter Akustik Ikan Pelagis Kecil di Teluk Cenderawasih, Papua <p>Cenderawasih Bay is one of the territorial waters of Indonesia which has a fairly high fishery potential. In 2022, the bay's fishery potential reaches 135,140 tons but the utilization rate is still at 0.3, which means that it has not been fully utilized, especially small pelagic fish. This shows the need for an estimation of the distribution of fish in the bay that can take advantage of the hydroacoustic method. This research uses a split beam echosounder SIMRAD EY-60 which is operated at a frequency of 38 KHz and a pulse duration of 1,024 ms to obtain fish distribution data. Environmental parameter data was obtained using data from at the same time as fish distribution data collection. The distribution of fish also shows a fairly diverse distribution of values with the highest SV value range at -59.7 to -57.4 dB and the highest TS range at -59.4 to -46.7 dB. The distribution of fish was also seen to be more concentrated in areas with warm temperatures and spread evenly in each salinity range with the number of fish detected approaching areas of higher chlorophyll concentration.</p> Muhammad Hisyam, Sri Pujiyati Copyright (c) 2024 ACROPORA: Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Papua Thu, 30 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000