Uji Efektivitas Metode Isolasi DNA Genom Kopi Arabika (Coffea arabica L.) Asal Kabupaten Jayawijaya

Arsyam Mawardi, Maria L. Simonapendi


Genetic substance of DNA has many functions as a basic component of the organism. DNA can be obtained directly through the isolation of DNA. Isolation of genomic DNA Wamena arabica coffee is done by treating the young leaves to get DNA extract. This reasearch is intended to provide scientific contributions in an effort to screen the best methods of DNA isolation, including a modified extraction of Zheng et al method (2005), a modified method of Doyle and Doyle (1990), and method of George and Khan modificaation (2008) or CTAB method. All of methods were tested on Arabica coffee Jayawijaya Wamena. Testing was done by looking at the difference in quality and quantity of products in the form of genomic DNA concentration and DNA thickness, comparing with the marker DNA then electrophoresis on agarose gel. From the results of testing the effectiveness of three types of isolation methods, it was found that the method of George and Khan (2008) or CTAB genomic DNA  produce the best quality than other methods. In terms of quantity, the criteria in the form of DNA concentrations ranging from 100 ng λ-DNA/ml, λ-DNA 50 ng/ml, λ-DNA 10 ng/ml. Concentration of genomic DNA bands visible when the profile is visualized in gel electrophoresis with UV luminescence. This study will be a step and initial information about the genetic composition of a population of arabica coffee which still exists, and will be developed through DNA amplification technique. 

Key words: coffee, isolation of genomic DNA, CTAB method, profile band pattern

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31957/jbp.10


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